As a rule of thumb for start-up businesses, they should compete on quality not price. A price war with bigger, more established competitors is rarely won. Discounting should only be used with great care and as part of a marketing strategy, not as an act of desperation.
That said, most high street supermarkets discount food products as they come close to their sell-by dates. For them this makes absolute business sense – it reduces food waste (a tick in the corporate social responsibility box) and it costs much less to sell the product at high discount than have the cost of disposing of it themselves. It also generates good word-of-mouth publicity in the locality, and the bargain-hunter may also buy full-priced products while bargain-hunting around the supermarket aisles.
The general lesson for entrepreneurs is that, in negotiating terms with suppliers, you may be in a much stronger position than you think; a quoted first price is rarely fixed.
For other Trade Secrets in this series, go to https://enterpriseessentials.wordpress.com/category/trade-secrets